Type 2 Diabetes and Insulin Resistance

According to Diabetes UK, around 200,000 people are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes every year and there are 3.5 million people in England with a diagnosis. The increasing number of people with type 2 diabetes is a challenge to the NHS and healthcare systems across the world. It is a leading cause of sight loss and lower limb amputation, and can contribute to kidney failure, heart attack and stroke. Diabetes and its complications cost over £6 billion every year to treat and one in six patients in hospital now has diabetes.1

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In the news – health and nutrition research

In this week’s article, we provide a roundup of some of the most recent health and nutrition related articles in the news, five items comprising:

  • Melancholic microbiome? EU-backed project publishes recommendations for diet and mood
  • Exercise after the age of 60 may prevent heart disease
  • Ground-breaking study links inflammation with ‘mental sluggishness’  for the first time
  • Short sleep may harm bone health in older women
  • The five exercises to help avoid an early death

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Navigating the seasons: Considerations for a seamless winter transition

There is a lot to love about the colder months. It’s an excuse to add cinnamon, vanilla and cloves to everything; cosy up to an open fire and drink hot tea to your heart’s desire. However, the progressive reduction in hours of light, as well as the drop in temperature can deeply affect the state of our body.

The reduced availability of UV rays during the colder months impacts synthesis of vitamin D, which plays several important roles including maintaining bone health, stimulating production of serotonin (the ‘happy’ hormone) and supporting the immune system. As well as this, the natural decline in light itself can affect our biological rhythms, causing changes in mood and alertness.

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Could your hormones be causing a bad night’s sleep?

Poor sleep is a common complaint, population-based studies across multiple countries indicate that approximately 30% of people report one or more insomnia symptoms. Insomnia and sleep problems are not only an inconvenience but can have a significant effect on wellbeing and overall health. Chronic sleep disturbance is associated with an increased risk of a multitude of diseases including Alzheimer’s, cardiovascular disease, diabetes as well as depression and anxiety.

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In the news – health and nutrition research

In this week’s article, we provide a roundup of some of the most recent health and nutrition related articles in the news, five items comprising:

  • Work and family demands may impact women’s heart health
  • Slow walking at 45 ‘a sign of faster ageing’
  • How mucus tames microbes
  • Research finds these Mediterranean diet foods protect the gut microbiome
  • Dog ownership associated with longer life

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